Micha Germann

Prize Fellow in Political Science

University of Bath


I am a Prize Fellow in the Department of Politics, Languages & International Studies at the University of Bath. I previously held postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Leuven and the University of Pennsylvania, as well as visiting positions at the European University Institute, the Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences, and Yale University. My PhD was awarded by ETH Zurich in 2017.

My research focuses on ethno-nationalist conflict, digital democracy, and political behavior. In my research on ethno-nationalist conflict, I address questions such as: why do ethno-nationalist and especially separatist conflicts emerge? What determines the reactions of states to ethnic claims for increased self-determination? Under what conditions do nonviolent separatist conflicts escalate to violence? And, under what conditions can ethno-nationalist conflicts be resolved peacefully?

In terms of the latter, I am especially interested in the contribution that democratic decision-making mechanisms, such as referendums, can make to the peaceful resolution of separatist conflicts. In ongoing work, I am extending the focus beyond separatist conflicts and study the potential of one of the most prominent proposals for democratic innovation – deliberative mini-publics – to reduce conflict by increasing the acceptance of negative political decisions.

I also have a strong interest in the implications of the digital revolution for political behavior and democratic quality more generally. In particular, I am interested in internet voting as well as voter information systems commonly referred to as Voting Advice Applications (VAAs). One key question that I address in my research is whether digital innovations like internet voting and VAAs can increase electoral turnout. I have also investigated the potential of internet voting to prevent voters from making easy mistakes that lead to their votes not being counted. Finally, I am involved in a consortium of researchers producing state-of-the-art VAAs for elections in the UK and elsewhere. Our tools have been accessed by hundreds of thousands of voters across Europe.

My work has been published in academic journals such as International Organization, the British Journal of Political Science, Political Behavior, Political Communication, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, and Electoral Studies.

You can find more information on the projects I am currently working on here.

As part of my research, I have collected new data on self-determination movements (with Nicholas Sambanis and Andreas Schädel), sovereignty referendums (with Fernando Mendez and Nicolas Aubert), and on autonomy losses by ethnic groups (with Nicholas Sambanis). You can download these datasets here.


(2015). Who Are the Internet Voters?. In: Efthimios Tambouris et al. (eds.), Electronic Government and Electronic Participation, pp. 27-41. Amsterdam: IOS Press.


(2015). Fifteen Years of Internet Voting in Switzerland: History, Governance and Use. In: Luis Terán and Andreas Meier (eds.), ICEDEG 2015: Second International Conference on eDemocracy & eGovernment, Quito, Ecuador, 8–10 April 2015, pp. 126-132. New York, NY: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.


(2014). Internet Voting for Expatriates: The Swiss Case. JeDEM - eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government 6(2):197-215.

PDF DOI Replication

(2014). Five Years of Internet Voting for Swiss Expatriates. In: Peter Parycek and Noella Edelmann (eds.), CeDEM 14. Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government. 21–23 May 2014, Danube University Krems, Austria, pp. 127–140. Krems: Danube University Krems.


(2013). Outcomes of Constitution-Making: Democratization and Conflict Resolution. In: Jonathan Wheatley and Fernando Mendez (eds.), Patterns of Constitutional Design: The Role of Citizens and Elites in Constitution-Making, pp. 49-66. London: Ashgate/Routledge.


Work in Progress

Pax Populi? A Re-Assessment of the Conflict Resolution Potential of Referendums on Self-Determination

Can autonomy and secession referendums contribute to the peaceful resolution of separatist conflicts?

Does Internet Voting Increase Turnout among Expatriate Voters?

Evidence from extended internet voting trials in 10 Swiss cantons

Revisiting Spatial Voting Models with Big Data

Does proximity or directional voting theory better approximate voter preferences?


Lost Autonomy

New and improved data for 759 ethnic groups


Enables identification of violent and nonviolent separatist conflicts in the EPR dataset


A new data set on self-determination movements around the world, 1945-2012

Contested Sovereignty

A new data set on sovereignty referendums, 1776-2012